Mayan-Calendar.jpg

A NASA videója szerint a maják sosem jövendölték előre a világvégét és a naptáruk sem ért véget 2012 december 21-én.

Nézd meg a videót és olvasd el az elhangzott szöveg rövidített változatát, melyekből kiderül, a világvége jóslat egy félreértésen alapult.

Source of the video:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QY_Gc1bF8ds

Summary of the video:

"The whole thing was a misconception from the very beginning," says Dr. John Carlson, director of the Center for Archaeoastronomy.  "The Maya calendar did not end on Dec. 21, 2012, and there were no Maya prophecies foretelling the end of the world on that date." None of the thousands of ruins, tablets, and standing stones that archeologists have examined foretell an end of the world."

"The people of Maya society built vast cities, ornate temples, and towering pyramids. They mastered astronomy, developed an elaborate written language, and left behind exquisite artifacts."

"Most compelling to Carlson was the Maya's expansive sense of time. "The times Mayas used dwarf any time scales currently used by modern astronomers," he explains. "According to our science, the Big Bang occurred 13.7 billion years ago."

"There are dates and time references in Mayan ruins that stretch back a billion billion times farther than that."

"The Maya Long Count Calendar was designed to keep track of such long intervals. "It is the most complex calendar system ever developed by people anywhere."

"ccording to Maya theology, the world was created 5125 years ago, on a date modern people would write "August 11, 3114  BC."  At the time, the Maya calendar looked like this: 13.0.0.0.0"

"On Dec. 21, 2012, it is exactly the same: 13.0.0.0.0"

"According to them Dec. 21, 2012, is a very important date.  Many Maya believed that their gods who created the world 5125 years ago would return but the world would be refreshed, not destroyed."

"Don Yeomans, head of NASA's Near-Earth Object Program, stated that no known asteroids or comets are on a collision course with Earth."

"Neither is a rogue planet coming to destroy us. "If there were anything out there like a planet headed for Earth," said NASA astrobiologist David Morrison, "it would already be [one of the] brightest objects in the sky. Everybody on Earth could see it but it’s not there.”

"The sun is not a threat, either. The sun has been flaring for billions of years--long before the Maya even existed--and it has never once destroyed the world."

Source:

http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2012/14dec_yesterday/

Vocabulary:

misconception [ˌmɪskənˈsepʃən] = félreértés

to foretell [fɔːˈtel] = megjósolni

ornate [ɔːˈneɪt] = díszes, ékes

to master [ˈmɑːstər] = elsajátítani, magas szinten űzni

elaborate [ɪˈlæbərət] = bonyolult, alaposan kidolgozott

exquisite artifact [ɪkˈskwɪzɪt ˈɑːtɪfækt] = remek műalkotás

most compelling []kəmˈpelɪŋ]  = a legimpozánsabb

expansive [ɪkˈspænsɪv] = átfogó, terjedelmes

dwarf [dwɔːf] = eltörpül valami mellett

stretch back [stretʃ] = visszanyúlik

to keep track of sth [træk] = nyomon követ valamit

long interval [ˈɪn.tə.vəl] = hosszú szünet

refresh [rɪˈfreʃ] = felüdíülés, felfrissülés

destroy [dɪˈstrɔɪ] = elpusztul

comet [ˈkɒmɪt] = üstökös

on a collision course with [kəˈlɪʒən] = ütközőpályán lenni valamivel

a rogue [rəʊg] = szélhámos, svindler

to flare [fleər] = égni, lángolni

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